The African Queen was released December 23, 1951. It is a British-American adventure film adapted from a 1935 novel by C.S. Forester. It was photographed in Technicolor. The film stars Humphrey Bogart (who won the Academy Award for Best Actor – his only Oscar), and Katharine Hepburn with Robert Morley, Peter Bull, Walter Gotell, Richard Marner and Theodore Bikel.
The African Queen was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry in 1994, with the Library of Congress deeming it "culturally, historically or aesthetically significant".
In 1951, two of the world's most beloved — and highest-paid — movie stars, Katharine Hepburn and Humphrey Bogart filmed in sweltering jungles around the Belgian Congo (today is known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo) spending seven weeks filming a WWI-era romantic-comedy-adventure film about a hard-drinking riverboat captain, Charlie Allnut (Bogart), and his burgeoning love affair with a prim Christian missionary, Rose Sayer (Hepburn).
The shoot was often a grueling experience for the crew, particularly
Hepburn, who suffered from dysentery caused by contaminated water. She refused to let it affect her work and never missed a day of filming. Unlike Hepburn and much of the crew, both Bogart and Huston remained healthy throughout the shoot.