The Beverly Hillbillies
The Beverly Hillbillies was an American situation comedy. broadcast on CBS from 1962 to 1971. The show cast Ebsen, Irene Ryan, Donna Douglas, and Max Baer, Jr. as the Clampetts. The show was created by writer Paul Henning. It was followed by two other Henning-inspired "country cousin" series on CBS: Petticoat Junction and its spin-off Green Acres, which reversed the rags-to-riches, country-to-city model of The Beverly Hillbillies.
The "Fish Out of Water" series starts as Jed Clampett, an impoverished and widowed mountaineer, is living alongside an oil-rich swamp with his daughter and mother-in-law. The Clampetts bring a moral, unsophisticated, and minimalistic lifestyle to the swanky, self-obsessed, and superficial Beverly Hills community. Plots often involve the outlandish efforts Drysdale makes to keep the Clampetts' money in his bank and his wife's efforts to rid the neighborhood of the hillbillies. The family's periodic attempts to return to the mountains are often prompted by Granny's perceiving a slight or insult from one of the "city folk".
The Beverly Hillbillies ranked among the top 20 most-watched programs on television for eight of its nine seasons, twice ranking as the number one series of the year, with 16 episodes that remain among the 100 most-watched television episodes in history. It won seven Emmy nominations during its run. The series remains in syndicated reruns, and its ongoing popularity spawned a 1993 film remake by 20th Century Fox.
The show received poor reviews from some contemporary critics. Despite the poor reviews, the show shot to the top of the Nielsen ratings shortly after its premiere and stayed there for several seasons. During its first two seasons, it was the number one program in the U.S. During its second season, it earned some of the highest ratings ever recorded for a half-hour sitcom. The series had excellent ratings throughout its run, although it had fallen out of the top 20 most-watched shows during its final season.